"Math Salamanders Free Math Sheets"
This page is full of interesting facts about Salamanders (sometimes called sallies). Here you will find out who we are, and special facts about each of the Math Salamanders.
Did you know that the word 'Salamander' means 'firelizard'.
Read on to find out more facts about salamanders.
Captain Salamander
Captain Salamander is a mathematical explorer always in search of adventures. He loves math puzzles and problems, and spends a lot of his time thinking about numbers. However, he often needs help in his adventures, especially with the Math! Captain Salamander is based on the Olm. Olms are blind and usually live in flooded underground caves. They can grow up to 30cm long. They have excellent smell and hearing and their skin is white. They spend their whole lives in the water. Sometimes they are also called the 'cave salamander' or 'white salamander'. 

Flame the Place Value Salamander
Flame is the place value salamander. She knows all about ones, tens, hundreds, thousands as well as tenths and hundredths. She has a fiery nature and loves to climb and explore. Flame is based on the Fire Salamander. Fire salamanders are found mainly in Europe. They like to hide in tree trunks, and were often seen coming out of logs that had been thrown onto campfires. When people saw them crawling out of the flames, they named them salamanders or 'firelizards'. Fire Salamandes like to eat a variety of minibeasts such as slugs, worms and other small insects. They are very shy and are usually very hard to spot! To defend themselves, fire salamanders have a skin which is very poisonous. So if you see one, please do not touch! 

Quadra the Operations Salamander
Quadra Salamander is the operation salamander. She is an expert at the four operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Quadra is based on a spotted salamander. Spotted salamanders are usually black, brown or bluishblack with rows of orange or yellow spots. They are found in Canada and in the eastern US. Like the fire salamander, they have a poisonous skin which they use to defend themselves from predators. They are also very shy and secretive, spending a lot of their lives hiding under rocks or in burrows. 

Frazer the Fraction Salamander
Frazer the Fraction Salamander is a master of fractions. He can add, subtract, multiply and divide fractions, as well as knowing all about fractions of shapes and numbers. Frazer is based on the marbled salamander. Marbled salamanders are quite small for salamanders, and grow to about 4 inches long. They are found in the eastern US and are a species of mole salamander. Like most salamanders, it feeds on small insects and worms and is very secretive. 

Tyger the Measures Salamander
Tyger Salamander is always busy doing something. Sometimes he carries round a set of measuring scales, sometimes a ruler or a measuring jug. He loves measuring anything he can get his toes on. Tyger salamander is based on the Tiger Salamander which is the Eastern Tiger Salamander. There are several different subspecies of the tiger salamander, including the barred tiger salamander and the California tiger salamander. Tiger salamanders eat worms and small insects, sometimes frogs and larger animals. They can live as long as 25 years and some people keep them as pets. However, they do not make the ideal pet as they have sensitive skin, and should not be handled. The population of tiger salamanders has declined considerably in some areas due to the destruction of their wetland habitat. 

Sally the Shape Salamander
Sally the Shape Salamander is a salamander who loves the visual side of Math, especially geometry and shapes. She is great at measuring angles, and working out the area and perimeter of different shapes. She knows all about symmetry and properties of 2D and 3D shapes and is very artistic. Sally is based around the spring salamander. Spring Salamanders are found in rivers, swamps and forests in Canada and the US. They are often found hiding under logs, stones or leaves. Spring salamanders like to live near fast flowing streams with dense forest cover. The spring salamanders are threatened with habitat loss, due to deforestation and their streams being diverted or modified. 

Newton the Number Newt
Newton is not a real salamander, but is often mistaken for one. Newton is always counting things and loves numbers. Newton is a really a newt. Newts are thought to be a subspecies of salamander. They like wet, moist places and grow to about 6 inches (15cm) long. Newton is a type of newt called a great crested newt which is found across Europe and also in parts of Asia. Newts eat worms, insect larva, tadpoles and other small creatures. They hibernate under logs, stones or mud in the winter time. 

Facts About Salamanders
Here are some facts about salamanders you might like to know.
Salamanders all belong to the amphibian family. Amphibians are coldblooded, with moist skin and no scales or claws. Salamanders, sirens and newts belong to the same order Caudata.
There are a number of different types of Salamanders around the world. Here are some of them:
Mudpuppy, Olm, Chinese Salamander, Fire Salamander, Tiger Salamander, Californian Giant Salamander, Ringed Salamander and Marbled Salamander.
Most Salamanders are quite secretive and can be very hard to spot. Some species are on the IUCN Red list as being endangered, whilst other species are thriving.
Salamanders have four legs, a tail and moist, slippery skin.
There are three main types of salamander: totally aquatic, semiaquatic and totally terrestrial.
The totally aquatic salamanders spend their whole lives in the water.
The semiaquatic spend most of their time on the land, but return to the water to breed.
The terrestrial salamanders spend their whole lives on the land, sometimes in the trees, but are never found far from water.
Did you know facts about salamanders
Did you know that Sirens are Salamanders which have returned to live permanently in the water.
Did you know: Spotted Salamanders can live for up to twenty or thirty years!
What do Salamanders eat?
Salamanders eat a variety of small creatures. All Salamanders are carnivorous, and their main diet is insects such as spiders, snails, slugs and worms. They will also eat fish, frogs and other salamanders!
Different salamander will have quite different diets due to their habitat and creatures local to their habitat.
The aquatic salamanders' diet will consist entirely of creatures it can catch in water, whilst the terrestrial salamanders' diet will consist entirely of what it can catch on land.
We hope you enjoyed these facts about salamanders!
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