5th Grade Math Problems

Welcome to our 5th Grade Math Problems.

Here you will find our range of challenging math problem worksheets which are designed to give children the opportunity to apply their skills and knowledge to solve a range of longer problems.

These problems are also a great way of developing perseverance and getting children to try different approaches in their math.

5th Grade Math Problems

Here you will find a range of problem solving worksheets.

The 5th grade math problems on the sheets are longer math problems designed to encourage children to use a range of math skills to solve them.

The skills the problems will help to develop include:

  • systematic working
  • logical thinking
  • number fact knowledge
  • fraction problems
  • trial and improvement strategies
  • working backwards
  • working systematically
  • searching for all possible answers.

At fifth grade, the problems are more advanced with children needing to become more systematic in their approach and experimenting using trial and improvement strategies.

Many of the problems have addition 'What if ...' questions with them to extend learning and get children looking for alternative solutions.

These sheets are great for extending learning for more able mathematicians, or using in a whole class problem solving lesson.

5th Grade Math Word Problems

Bertie's Big Win

Bertie's Big Win is a problem involving both money and fractions which can be worked backwards. The aim of the problem is to work out how much money Bertie started with from the clue that are given.

Fox vs Rabbit #2

Fox vs Rabbit is an activity involving mathematical modelling of a fox chasing a rabbit. The rabbit has a head-start, but the fox is faster. The aim is to find out when the fox will catch the rabbit, and whether or not the rabbit has time to reach his burrow.

1..2..3..4.. Challenge

The 1..2..3..4.. Challengs is a number problem involving using the numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4 along with arithmetic operators to make the numbers from 1 to 20. It is great for practicing PEMDAS and getting children to persevere and develop their mental arithmetic skills.

There are 2 versions of the problem sheet, one with a pre-prepared template for filling in, and a second blank version for children to show their own recording system.

Frazer's Wall #2

Frazer's Wall #2 is a fraction problem solving activity which involves trying to work out the number of bricks that were laid in each day to find out how long it would take to make a wall. This problem is best solved by using a table or working it out one day at a time.

Millenary Math

Millenary Math is a time problem involving what the time will be in a thousand years/weeks/hours/minutes, etc. It is a good activity for converting units of time and knowing facts like how many days are in each month. There is no answer sheet, as the activity involves using the current time.

Sally's Fruit Punch #3

Sally's Fruit Punch is a money and scaling activity. The aim is to use the information to work out how much ingredients are needed. The ingredients then need to be priced to work out a total cost.

Share the Treasure #5

Share the Treasure is a fraction sharing activity where the aim is to work backwards to find out how many bars of treasure the pirates had before they shared them all out. It is a good activity for developing fraction problem solving and working backwards.

Something Fishy #2

Something Fishy is a money problem which involves working out exactly how many of each fish were bought in order to have spent a fixed amount of money on the fish. It is a good activity for using lists and tables to find all possibilities. It is also great for perseverance!

The Five Primes

The Five Primes is a number activity involving finding five primes with different totals. It is a good activity for learning prime numbers up to 30, and also for working systematically.

The Rock Race #3

The Rock Race is a 5th grade math problem which needs some perseverance to complete. The aim of the activity is to try different routes around the 6 rocks to determine which route is the shortest.

Who Chose Which?

Who Chose Which is a logical number activity where you need to use the clues to work out which numbers each of the salamanders chose.

Birthday Bonanza

Birthday Bonanza is a logic problem which requires logical thinking to work out who got which present and how old each of them was.

Number Totals Investigation

Number Totals Investigation is a PEMDAS number task which involves using 3 digits and operations to make the largest or smallest possible total.

Looking for some easier math problems?

We have a range of easier word problems on our 4th grade math problems page.

The problems on this page are at a simpler level than those here.

Many of the problems, e.g. Share the Treasure, The Rock Race, Something Fishy have easier versions on this page.

Looking for some more fifth grade math word problems?

Here you will find our selection of free 5th grade math word problems.

Each sheet is availabel in both standard and metric units (where applicable).

Each sheet comes complete with a separate answer sheet.

All the problems are based around 'real life' such as the planets, heights of mountains, or length of rivers.

Using these sheet will help your child to:

  • apply their addition, subtraction, multiplication and division skills;
  • apply their knowledge of rounding and place value;
  • solve a range of problems including "real life" problems and ratio problems.

All the worksheets help to support Elementary math benchmarks.

5th Grade Math Puzzles

Here you will find a range of printable 5th grade math puzzles for your child to enjoy.

The puzzles will help your child practice and apply their addition, subtraction, multiplication and division facts as well as developing their thinking and reasoning skills in a fun and engaging way.

Using these puzzles will help your child to:

  • learn and practice their addition facts, including decimals;
  • practice their subtraction facts, including decimals;
  • practice and apply multiplication and division facts;
  • develop problem solving skills and reasoning.

All the puzzles support elementary math benchmarks for 5th grade.

Fifth Grade Math Games

Here you will find a range of free printable 5th Grade Math games.

All children like to play Math games, and you will find a good range of Grade 5 Math Games here for your child to play and enjoy.

The following games involve different 5th Grade Math activities which you and your child can enjoy together.

All the free 5th Grade Math Worksheets in this section follow the Elementary Math Benchmarks for Grade 5.


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The Math Salamanders hope you enjoy using these free printable Math worksheets and all our other Math games and resources.

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