Math Logic Problems

Welcome to our Math Logic Problems worksheets.

All the problems on this page require children to use their reasoning and logic thinking skills to solve.

There are a range of worksheets on this page with varying levels of difficulty from 1st grade up to 5th grade.

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Math Logic Problems

Logic puzzle problems are a set of problems which involve children using their reasoning and logical thinking skills.

Sometimes children who struggle in other areas of math, such as number work, find that this is an area which they excel in.

Some of the math logic problems on this page work like traditional logic puzzles with table grids to fill in, but most of the sheets simply involve children using their thinking and resoning to solve the problems on the page.

All the logic puzzle worksheets on this page come with an answer sheet.

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The problems on this page all involving solving Logic Problems.

Some of the sheets on this page include tables and way to support children with their recording and organising their work.

Some of the sheets have a space for children to record their own thinking and working out, with no support in recording.

The level of the worksheets goes from 1st grade to 5th grade (UK Years 1 to 6).

Using these sheets will help your child to:

  • deveolop their reasoning and thinking skills;
  • support and develop recording skills;
  • solve a range of logic puzzles.

Logic Problems Worksheets

1st Grade Problems

Share the Treasure

Share the Treasure involves sharing out 20 gold bars equally into 4 piles. The second part of the activity involves sharing out the bars using four rules.

Who Chose Which Shape #1

Who Chose Which Shape is a logic problem where children have to work out which salamander chose which shape from the clues given.

2nd Grade Problems

Birthday Girl

Birthday Girl is an activity which involves finding the correct ages of all the people in the challeges using the clues that are given.

Share the Treasure #2

Share the Treasure is a logic acitivity where the aim is to share some treasure according to certain criteria.

Who Chose Which Shape #2

Who Chose Which Shape is a math logic problem where children have to work out which salamander chose which shape from the clues given.

3rd Grade Problems

Color that Shape

Color that Shape is a coloring activity which uses logical thinking to work out which shape needs to be shaded which color.

Join Me Up

Join Me Up is an logical puzzle where the aim is to place the numbers from 1 to 7 into the puzzle so that no consecutive numbers are next to each other.

Spot the Digits

Spot the Digits is a logic activity where children have to find out the values of the letters a, b, c and d. The values can be determined by using the 3 clues.

4th Grade Problems

Quadra's Magic Bag Challenges

Quadra's Magic Bag Challenges involves using thinking and reasoning skills to work out two math challenges. The challenges also involve an element of trial and improvement, and also some addition.

Four Dogs Problem

Four Dogs Problem is a logic problem which involves using the clues to work out the owners for each of the four dogs.

Who Caught the Biggest FIsh?

Who Caught the Biggest Fish is a logical number problem where you need to use trial and improvement strategies to work out the order of size of the fish from the clues given about their weights.

5th Grade Problems

Who Chose Which?

Who Chose Which is a logical number activity where you need to use the clues to work out which numbers each of the salamanders chose.

Birthday Bonanza

Birthday Bonanza is a logic problem which requires logical thinking to work out who got which present and how old each of them was.

More Recommended Math Worksheets

Take a look at some more of our worksheets similar to these.

Other Word Problems by the Math Salamanders

Finding all Possibilities Problems

This is our finding all possibilities area where all the worksheets involve finding many different answers to the problem posed.

The sheets here encourage systematic working and logical thinking.

The problems are different in that, there is typically only one problem per sheet, but the problem may take quite a while to solve!

Math Real-Life Word Problems by Grade

Fraction Problems

Here you will find a range of fraction word problems to help your child apply their fraction learning.

The worksheets cover a range of fraction objectives, from adding and subtracting fractions to working out fractions of numbers. The sheets support fraction learning from 2nd grade to 5th grade.

Ratio Problems

Here you will find a range of ratio word problems to help your child understand what a ratio is and how ratios work.

The sheets support ratio learning at a 5th grade level.

We hope you have enjoyed our Math Logic Problems on this page. Please leave a comment at the bottom of the page if you like them!


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