Roman Numeral Translation
Calculator

Welcome to our Roman Numeral Translation Calculator.

This calculator will convert from Roman numerals to the decimal (base-10) number system or from the decimal number system into Roman numerals.

Our converter will also show you detailed working out so you can create your own worked examples!

Roman Numeral Translation Calculator

roman numerals calculator

roman

  Answer  

decimal

 
 
   


How To Use our Converter

Here is our Roman numeral translation calculator which will help you to convert roman numerals to decimal and decimal to roman numerals.

Our roman numeral translation calculator will also show you the formula and working out you need to convert between the two systems.

This convert will convert numbers up to six digits into Roman numerals.

Roman numeral translation calculator: How It Works...

Step 1) Choose which calculator you want - roman to decimal or decimal to roman

Step 2) Type in the number you want to convert.

Step 3) Click the Convert button and the answer will be displayed.


Roman Numeral Values

There are just 7 Roman numerals: I, V, X, L, C, D and M.

Unlike most other number systems, the numerals can only be used in particular sequences.

Another rule is that apart from M, you can only have a maximum of 3 of any given numeral in a row.

Here is a quick overview of the 7 Roman numerals and what each is worth.

Roman Numerals Value
I1
V5
X10
L50
C100
D500
M1000

We can also use an overline with each Roman numeral which has the effect of multiplying the value by 1000, so:

Roman Numerals Value
V5,000
X10,000
L50,000
C100,000
D500,000
M1,000,000

So XLMM would represent 42,000.

Different representations

Numbers over 4,000 can be written in different ways in Roman numerals:

The number 4,000 can be written:

  • MV
  • MMMM
  • IV

Our translator uses the format of the first example, so 4000 is represented by MV

Roman Numeral Translation Quick Table

This quick conversion table shows you some common roman number to decimal number conversions.

Number Roman Numerals
1I
2II
3III
4IV
5V
6VI
7VII
8VIII
9IX
10X
11XI
12XII
13XIII
14XIV
15XV
16XVI
17XVII
18XVIII
19XIX
20XX
Number Roman Numerals
10X
20XX
30XXX
40XL
50L
60LX
70LXX
80LXXX
90XC
100C
200CC
300CCC
400CD
500D
600DC
700DCC
800DCCC
900CM
1000M
2000MM

We have some more detailed Roman Numeral Lists, including printable sets below.

Roman Numeral Translation

How to convert from Roman to decimal

To convert a Roman number to the decimal (base-10) number system, we need to group the Roman numerals into their values and then add them together.

One thing to remember when doing Roman numeral translation is that the Roman numbers usually go from bigger to smaller.

However, if a smaller value Roman numeral (I, X or C) comes before a larger value then it is subtracted from the larger numeral.

This gives us two simple rules for roman numeral translation:

  • When a smaller value numeral comes AFTER a larger value numeral it is ADDED
  • But if a smaller value numeral comes BEFORE a larger value numeral it is SUBTRACTED!

There are 6 different possibilities for when then smaller numeral comes BEFORE the larger value, namely:

  • IV = 4
  • IX = 9
  • XL = 40
  • XC = 90
  • CD = 400
  • CM = 900

An example is that C has the value 100 and X has the value 10.

  • CX is worth 100 + 10 = 110, BUT
  • XC is worth 100 - 10 = 90 because the X comes before the C.

Convert Roman numerals to Decimal Worked Examples

Example 1) What is XXIV as a number?

Step 1) Split up the Roman numerals into their values.

XXIV = X X IV

The IV has been written as one value because the I comes before the larger value V.

Step 2) Write down the values of each part.

X X IV = 10 + 10 + 4

Step 3) Add them up.

10 + 10 + 4 = 24

So XXIV is equal to 24 as a number.



Example 2) Write CDLXXVI as a number.

Step 1) Split up the Roman numerals into their values.

CDLXXVI = CD L X X V I

The CD has been written as one value because C (100) comes before the larger value D (500).

Step 2) Write down the values of each part.

CD L X X V I = 400 + 50 + 10 + 10 + 5 + 1

Step 3) Add them up.

400 + 50 + 10 + 10 + 5 + 1 = 476

So CDLXXVI is equal to 476 as a number.



Example 3) Write MCMXLVIII as a number.

Step 1) Split up the Roman numerals into their values.

MCMXLVIII = M CM XL V I I I

Step 2) Write down the values of each part.

M CM XL V I I I = 1000 + 900 + 40 + 5 + 1 + 1 + 1

Step 3) Add them up.

1000 + 900 + 40 + 5 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 1948

So MCMXLVIII is equal to 1948 as a number.

Convert Numbers to Roman Numerals

How to convert from numbers to Roman Numerals

To convert a decimal number (base-10) to the Roman number system, we need to change the decimal base-10 place value into Roman numerals representing their values.

The chart above can help to do this, or you can try your own worked examples below, on our Roman Numeral Translation calculator above.


Convert Numbers to Roman Numerals Worked Examples

Example 1) Convert 64 into Roman numerals.

Step 1) Look at what place values we have.

64 = 60 + 4

Step 2) Write each place value as Roman numerals.

  • 60 is LX
  • 4 is IV

Step 3) Put the numerals together.

So 64 = LX + IV or LXIV

So 64 is equal to LXIV in Roman numerals.



Example 2) Convert 397 into Roman numerals.

Step 1) Look at what place values we have.

397 = 300 + 90 + 7

Step 2) Write each place value as Roman numerals.

  • 300 is CCC
  • 90 is XC
  • 7 is VII

Step 3) Put the numerals together.

So 397 = CCC + XC + VII or CCCXCVII

So 397 is equal to CCCXCVII in Roman numerals.



Example 3) Convert 3489 into Roman numerals.

Step 1) Look at what place values we have.

3489 = 3000 + 400 + 80 + 9

Step 2) Write each place value as Roman numerals.

  • 3000 is MMM
  • 400 is CD
  • 80 is LXXX
  • 9 is IX

Step 3) Put the numerals together.

So 3489 = MMM + CD + LXXX + IX or MMMCDLXXXIX

So 3489 is equal to MMMCDLXXXIX in Roman numerals.

More Roman Numerals Resources

Roman Numerals List

Our Roman Numeral lists can help you to quickly convert different numbers from Roman numerals to numbers.

The lists can also help you to spot patterns and understand how Roman numerals work.

We have a wide range of lists to help you with your Roman numeral conversion.

Roman Numerals Worksheets

We also have a collection of Roman numerals worksheets for helping to learn how to convert from Roman numerals to numbers.

Our worksheets cater for a range of abilites and have differing levels of support.

More Recommended Math Resources

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