2-Digits by 1-Digit

Welcome to our Multiplication Worksheets for 3rd Grade page.

We have plenty of worksheets on this page to help you practice the skills of multiplying 2-digit numbers
by a single digit.

There are also some worked examples and a video to help you learn this skill!

Quicklinks to ...

At 3rd grade, students learn the multiplication table up to 10x10.

Alongside learning their times tables, they start to learn formal methods how to multiply a 2-digit number by a single digit.

The sheets available on this page will help you to practice this skill.

If you need more support, then take a look at our worked examples or watch our video.

Step 1) Multiply the ones digit of the 2-digit number by the single digit.

- Write the number of ones below the line in the ones place.
- Carry over any tens and write them above the number in the tens place.

5 x 7 = 35. Write the 5 below the line in the ones place. Carry over 3 tens.

Step 2) Multiply the tens digit of the 2-digit number by the single digit, adding on any tens that you carried over.

- Write the number below the line in the tens place (or in the hundreds and tens place if the answer has 2 digits).

5 x 3 = 15. 15 + 3 = 18. Write the 1 in the hundreds place and 8 in the tens place below the line.

You should now have your final answer.

37 x 5 = 185.

We have created a short video to help you learn to multiply 2-digit numbers by a single digit.

We show you how to solve the examples shown below and compare the multiplication method with the addition method for solving the same problem.

Step 1) Multiply the ones digit of the 2-digit number by the single digit. Write the answer below the line in the ones place. Carry over any tens.

2 x 3 = 6. There are no tens to carry over.

Step 2) Multiply the tens digit of the 2-digit number by the single digit, adding on any extra tens you carried over.

Write the answer below the tens digit.

2 x 4 = 8

This gives us a final answer of 86.

Step 1) Multiply the ones digit of the 2-digit number by the single digit. Write the number of ones below the line in the ones place. Carry over any tens.

4 x 5 = 20. We write 0 in the ones place below the line. There are 2 tens to carry over.

Step 2) Multiply the tens digit of the 2-digit number by the single digit, adding on any extra tens you carried over.

Write the answer below the tens digit.

4 x 6 = 24. 24 + 2 = 26. We write the 2 in the hundreds place and 6 in the tens place under the line.

This gives us a final answer of 260.

Step 1) Multiply the ones digit of the 2-digit number by the single digit. Write the number of ones below the line in the ones place. Carry over any tens.

5 x 7 = 35. We write 5 in the ones place below the line. There are 3 tens to carry over.

Step 2) Multiply the tens digit of the 2-digit number by the single digit, adding on any extra tens you carried over.

Write the answer below the tens digit.

5 x 3 = 15. 15 + 3 = 18. We write the 1 in the hundreds place and 8 in the tens place under the line.

This gives us a final answer of 185.

Step 1) Multiply the ones digit of the 2-digit number by the single digit. Write the number of ones below the line in the ones place. Carry over any tens.

7 x 8 = 56. We write 6 in the ones place below the line. There are 5 tens to carry over.

Write the answer below the tens digit.

7 x 4 = 28. 28 + 5 = 33. We write the 3 in the hundreds place and 3 in the tens place under the line.

This gives us a final answer of 336.

Here are our selection of worksheets to help you practice multiplying a 2-digit number by a 1-digit number.

Sheets 1 to 4 consists of 15 problems; sheets 5 and 6 consist of 20 problems.

Sheets 1 and 2 are easier and involve multiplying 2-digit numbers by 2, 3, 4 or 5.

Sheets 3 to 6 involve multiplying a 2-digit number by single digit numbers and finding trickier products.

There are also 3 challenges for more able students who are ready to apply this method to solve a range of tricky problems.

These 2-digit multiplication worksheets have been designed for more able students who need that extra challenge!

Take a look at some more of our worksheets similar to these.

Take a look at our Single digit multiplication generator where you can generate your own single digit multiplication worksheets.

You can also select the values of the single digits you want to multiply by.

Here you will find a range of Multiplication Worksheets to help you become more fluent and accurate with your tables.

Using these sheets will help your child to:

- learn their multiplication tables up to 10 x 10;
- understand and use different models of multiplication;
- solve a range of Multiplication problems.

Here you will find a range of Free Printable Multiplication Games to help kids learn their multiplication facts.

Using these games will help your child to learn their multiplication facts to 5x5 or 10x10, and also to develop their memory and strategic thinking skills.

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