Area of Right Triangle

Welcome to our Area of Right Triangle page.

Here you will find our collection of worksheets all about finding the area of a right triangle.

These sheets are aimed at children of a 5th / 6th grade level and up.

Area of Right Triangles

On this webpage you will find our range of worksheets to help your child to work out the area of a range of right triangles and triangles with their perpendicular height given.

These sheets are graded from easiest to hardest, and each sheet comes complete with answers.

Using these sheets will help your child to:

  • know how to find the area of a range of different right triangles;
  • know how to find the area of a triangle where the base and perpendicular height are given.

What is Area?

  • Area is the amount of space that is inside a shape.
  • Because it is an amount of space, it has to be measured in squares.
  • If the shape is measured in cm, then the area would be measured in square cm or cm2
  • If the shape is measured in inches, then the area would be measured in square inches or in2

Area of a Right Triangle

area of right triangle image 2

  • To find the area of a any triangle, you simply need to multiply the base of the triangle by the perpendicular height and halve the answer.
  • Because a right triangle has two perpendicular sides already, you simply need to multiply the two perpendicular sides together and halve the result.
  • Area of a triangle =½ x b x h, where b is the length of the base and h is the perpendicular height of the triangle.

Area of a Right Triangle Explained

The reason that you simply need to multiply the two perpendicular sides together and halve the answer to find the area of a right triangle is quite straightforward to understand.

area of right triangle image 1

If you look at the triangle above, you will notice that the red dotted line that joins the triangle forms a rectangle.

The area of the right triangle is exactly half of this rectangle because it has been split into two identical (congruent) right triangles with the same area.

However, we can also see that the area of the rectangle has to be b x h (because to find the area of a rectangle, you multiply adjacent sides together).

The area of the right triangle is half of this rectangle so we have Area = ½ x b x h.

Area of Right Triangle Examples

Example 1) Find the area of the right triangle below.

area of right triangle example 1

  • In the example above, the base is 8cm and the perpendicular height is 5cm.
  • So the area of right triangle is ½ x 8 x 5 = ½ x 40 = 20 square cm or 20 cm2

Example 2) Find the area of the right triangle below.

area of right triangle example 2

  • In the example, the base is 9m and the perpendicular height is 4m.
  • So the area is ½ x 9 x 4 = ½ x 36 = 18 square cm or 18 cm2

Example 3) Find the area of the triangle below.

area of right triangle example 3

  • In the example, the triangle is not actually a right triangle.
  • However, we see that the perpendicular height is 4cm and the base is 6cm.
  • The perpendicular line creates two right triangles out of the larger triangle.
  • The area of this triangle is exactly half the area of the rectangle formed by the triangle and the red dotted line.
  • So the area is ½ x 6 x 4 = ½ x 24 = 12 square cm or 12 cm2

Example 4) HARDER - Find the area of the right triangle below.

area of right triangle example 4

  • So why is this example much harder?
  • It is because we do not know the perpendicular height.
  • To find the perpendicular height we can use Pythagoras' theorem becuase it applies to right triangles.
  • So if we call the missing side b, then Pythagoras' theorem gives us:
  • h2 = a2 + b2, where h is the hypotenuse and a and b are the other two sides.
  • So 52 = 42 + b2
  • So 25 = 16 + b2
  • So b2 = 25 - 16 = 9
  • So b = 3cm.
  • We can now find the area now we have found the perpendicular side.
  • Area = ½ x 4 x 3 = ½ x 12 = 6 square cm or 6 cm2

Area of 2D Shapes Printable Support Page

Our printable support page has the formulas for the area of common 2d shapes.

Area of Right Triangles Worksheets

Area of Right Triangles

Area of Triangles

5th Grade Geometry Worksheets

Here is our selection of 5th grade Geometry worksheets about angles.

The focus on these sheets is angles on a straight line, angles around a point and angles in a triangle.

More Area Worksheets

Here is our selection of free printable area worksheets for 3rd and 4th grade.

The sheets are all graded in order from easiest to hardest.

Using these sheets will help your child to:

  • work out the areas of a range of rectangles;
  • find the area of rectilinear shapes.

Perimeter Worksheets

Here is our selection of free printable perimeter worksheets for 3rd and 4th grade.

The sheets are all graded in order from easiest to hardest.

Using these sheets will help your child to:

  • work out the perimeter of a range of rectangles;
  • find the perimeter of rectilinear shapes.

All the math practice worksheets in this section support Elementary Math Benchmarks.

 

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How to Print or Save these sheets

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Need help with printing or saving?
Follow these 3 easy steps to get your worksheets printed out perfectly!

 

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